The music was reissued as a CD in 2003, M.A. Non limitarti a copiare la traduzione di un testo latino! [13]:pp60–61 Just like objects in states of affairs, the chess pieces do not alone constitute the game—their arrangements, together with the pieces (objects) themselves, determine the state of affairs. [10] Curiously, on this score, the penultimate proposition of the Tractatus, proposition 6.54, states that once one understands the propositions of the Tractatus, he will recognize that they are senseless, and that they must be thrown away. 2.0271 Objects are what is unalterable and substantial; their configuration is what is changing and unstable. Tractatus, §4.023. (E qui essere non significa esistere - sarebbe insensato)". Con questa proposizione Wittgenstein si riferisce principalmente alle problematiche del senso della vita e del mistico, di cui trattano le proposizioni immediatamente precedenti: "The idea of a general concept being a common property of its particular instances connects up with other primitive, too simple, ideas of the structure of language. [13], According to traditional reading of the Tractatus, Wittgenstein's views about logic and language led him to believe that some features of language and reality cannot be expressed in senseful language but only "shown" by the form of certain expressions. Whether the Aristotelian notions of substance came to Wittgenstein via Immanuel Kant, or via Bertrand Russell, or even whether Wittgenstein arrived at his notions intuitively, one cannot but see them. And Aristotle agrees: "The universal cannot be a substance in the manner in which an essence is ..."[5] (Z.13 1038b17) as he begins to draw the line and drift away from the concepts of universal Forms held by his teacher Plato. To achieve the relevant sort of increasingly refined awareness of the logic of our language is not to grasp a content of any sort. Proposition 7 may refer to: . Without philosophy thoughts are, as it were, cloudy and indistinct: its task is to make them clear and to give them sharp boundaries....4.113 Philosophy sets limits to the much disputed sphere of natural science.4.114 It must set limits to what can be thought; and, in doing so, to what cannot be thought. ] [24] He would later recant this view, leading him to begin work on what would ultimately become the Philosophical Investigations. Wittgentein: il Tractatus e il Circolo di Vienna 2. Among the sensibly sayable for Wittgenstein are the propositions of natural science, and to the nonsensical, or unsayable, those subjects associated with philosophy traditionally- ethics and metaphysics, for instance. It would appear, then, that the metaphysics and the philosophy of language endorsed by the Tractatus give rise to a paradox: for the Tractatus to be true, it will necessarily have to be nonsense by self-application; but for this self-application to render the propositions of the Tractatus nonsense (in the Tractarian sense), then the Tractatus must be true. That is, one state of affair's (or fact's) existence does not allow us to infer whether another state of affairs (or fact) exists or does not exist. Chopin - Nocturne Full length - Stefan Askenase 1954 (쇼팽-야상곡 전곡 - 스테판 아스케나세 1954) - Duration: 1:42:03. The logical form can be had by the bouncing of a ball (for example, twenty bounces might communicate a white rook's being on the king's rook 1 square). It must set limits to what cannot be thought by working outwards through what can be thought.4.115 It will signify what cannot be said, by presenting clearly what can be said. Ivi, §4.01. While his logical atomism resembles that of Bertrand Russell, the two views are not strictly the same. In definitiva, si sviluppa un sistema d’ordine che permane in qualsiasi proposizione a qualsiasi livello: la proposizione 2.17, settimo commento all’enunciato 2.1, è sviluppata dalla 2.171, come la … [13], Through Kenny's chess analogy, we can see the relationship between Wittgenstein's logical atomism and his picture theory of representation. 1.21 Each item can be the case or not the case while everything else remains the same. [15]:p47, However, on the more recent "resolute" interpretation of the Tractatus (see below), the remarks on "showing" were not in fact an attempt by Wittgenstein to gesture at the existence of some ineffable features of language or reality, but rather, as Cora Diamond and James Conant have argued,[22] the distinction was meant to draw a sharp contrast between logic and descriptive discourse. While the propositions could not be, by self-application of the attendant philosophy of the Tractatus, true (or even sensical), it was only the philosophy of the Tractatus itself that could render them so. , Those most directly concerned with such a history are the students of general linguistics, but they seem to take little interest in Wittgenstein. Bertrand Russell's article "The Philosophy of Logical Atomism" is presented as a working out of ideas that he had learned from Wittgenstein.[4]. Bertrand Russell (Robert Charles Marsh ed. 2.034 The structure of a fact consists of the structures of states of affairs. There are seven main propositions in the text. 5.13 When the truth of one proposition follows from the truth of others, we can see this from the structure of the propositions.5.131 If the truth of one proposition follows from the truth of others, this finds expression in relations in which the forms of the propositions stand to one another: nor is it necessary for us to set up these relations between them, by combining them with one another in a single proposition; on the contrary, the relations are internal, and their existence is an immediate result of the existence of the propositions....5.132 If p follows from q, I can make an inference from q to p, deduce p from q. [13] We might say "WR/KR1" to communicate a white rook's being on the square commonly labeled as king's rook 1. That is why they cannot be composite. [...] The logical articulation of the activity itself can be brought more clearly into view, without that involving our coming to awareness that anything. [13]:p44 Although something need not be a proposition to represent something in the world, Wittgenstein was largely concerned with the way propositions function as representations. Although this view was held by Greeks like Heraclitus, it has existed only on the fringe of the Western tradition since then. [18][14], Wittgenstein's conception of representation as picturing also allows him to derive two striking claims: that no proposition can be known a priori - there are no apriori truths (TLP 3.05), and that there is only logical necessity (TLP 6.37). The idea of ‘Tractatus 7.1’ – an explanation of Tractatus 7 – seems like a contradiction, or a violation. Thus for example, according to the picture theory, when a proposition is thought or expressed, the proposition represents reality (truly or falsely) by virtue of sharing some features with that reality in common. He attacks universals explicitly in his Blue Book. Philosophy does not result in "philosophical propositions", but rather in the clarification of propositions. Per Kripke, ciò significa che que ll’enunciato è, ne ll’interpretazione label (GN-95). Introduzione a Wittgenstein/1 (2007?) [2], Wittgenstein wrote the notes for the Tractatus while he was a soldier during World War I and completed it during a military leave in the summer of 1918. The Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (widely abbreviated and cited as TLP) (Latin for Logical Philosophical Treatise or Treatise on Logic and Philosophy) is the only book-length philosophical work by the Austrian philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein that was published during his lifetime. Kripke sia Wittgenstein ritengono che esso esprima una proposizione necessaria . Nella proposizione 6.41 del tractatus Wittgenstein scrive: "Il senso del mondo dev'essere fuori di esso. In 1938 Wittgenstein delivered a short course of lectures on aesthetics to a small group of students at Cambridge. The following selections from Franz Parak's Wittgenstein prigioniero a Cassino (Roma 1978) are quoted by Dario Antiseri in his essay "Ludwig Wittgenstein a Cassino". Wittgenstein 1 1. Beyond the Tractatus wars: the new Wittgenstein debate. If an argument form is valid, the conjunction of the premises will be logically equivalent to the conclusion and this can be clearly seen in a truth table; it is displayed. The Tractatus employs an austere and succinct literary style. Il gioco in Ludwig Wittgenstein. [23] Just as practical knowledge or skill (such as riding a bike) is not reducible to propositional knowledge according to Ryle, Wittgenstein also thought that the mastery of the logic of our language is a unique practical skill that doesn't involve any sort of propositional "knowing that", but rather is reflected in our ability to operate with senseful sentences and grasping their internal logical relations. ↩︎. Origine: 1930s-1951, Philosophical Occasions 1912-1951 (1993), Ch. The philosophy of language presented in the Tractatus attempts to demonstrate just what the limits of language are- to delineate precisely what can and cannot be sensically said. Thus we cannot say that there is a correspondence between language and reality, but the correspondence itself can only be shown,[13]:p56 since our language is not capable of describing its own logical structure. The confusion that the Tractatus seeks to dispel is not a confused theory, such that a correct theory would be a proper way to clear the confusion, rather the need of any such theory is confused. Vale a dire, nel dar l'essenza di tutti i fatti la cui immagine è la proposizione. Wittgenstein is to be credited with the invention or at least the popularization of truth tables (4.31) and truth conditions (4.431) which now constitute the standard semantic analysis of first-order sentential logic. It is commonly known now only in "Eastern" metaphysical views where the primary concept of substance is Qi, or something similar, which persists through and beyond any given Form. The world is everything that is the case. Proposition 6.54, then, presents a difficult interpretative problem. (La proposizione [33], A manuscript version of the Tractatus, dubbed and published as the Prototractatus, was discovered in 1965 by Georg Henrik von Wright. [ A state of affairs that obtains is a "fact." 7 : Remarks on Frazer's Golden Bough, p. 131 Contesto: Frazer is much more savage than most of his savages, for they are not as far removed from the understanding of spiritual matter as a … ξ In 1989 the Finnish artist M. A. Numminen released a black vinyl album, The Tractatus Suite, consisting of extracts from the Tractatus set to music, on the Forward! And for similar reasons, no proposition is necessarily true except in the limiting case of tautologies, which Wittgenstein say lack sense (TLP 4.461). 2.0141 The possibility of its occurrence in atomic facts is the form of an object. The former view is shown to be held by Wittgenstein in what follows: Although Wittgenstein largely disregarded Aristotle (Ray Monk's biography suggests that he never read Aristotle at all) it seems that they shared some anti-Platonist views on the universal/particular issue regarding primary substances. [7] Questa proposizione, coerentemente con il proprio enunciato, non ha alcuna subordinata. 2.024 The substance is what subsists independently of what is the case. If the statement is true, x refers to the man to my left. [13]:p45, Pictures have what Wittgenstein calls Form der Abbildung or pictorial form, which they share with what they depict. 2.027 Objects, the unalterable, and the substantial are one and the same. It is predicated upon the idea that philosophy should be pursued in a way analogous to the natural sciences; that philosophers are looking to construct true theories. Proposition 6 says that any logical sentence can be derived from a series of NOR operations on the totality of atomic propositions. [13]:p62 A motionless ball cannot communicate this same information, as it does not have logical multiplicity. A philosophical work consists essentially of elucidations. This concept of form/substance/essence, which we've now collapsed into one, being presented as potential is also, apparently, held by Wittgenstein: Here ends what Wittgenstein deems to be the relevant points of his metaphysical view and he begins in 2.1 to use said view to support his Picture Theory of Language. In this way, the elements of the picture (the toy cars) are in spatial relation to one another, and this relation itself pictures the spatial relation between the real cars in the automobile accident. The 32-minute production, named Wittgenstein Tractatus, features citations from the Tractatus and other works by Wittgenstein. Questi temi si ripresentano secondo un'inclinazione storico-filosofica nel saggio sulla "filosofia prima", mentre il concetto di proposizione sintetica a priori viene illustrato attraverso la densa discussione a cui lo sottoposero Schlick e Wittgenstein. Dal 1929 al 1951 (2007) We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Since all propositions, by virtue of being pictures, have sense independently of anything being the case in reality, we cannot see from the proposition alone whether it is true (as would be the case if it could be known apriori), but we must compare it to reality in order to know that it's true (TLP 4.031 "In the proposition a state of affairs is, as it were, put together for the sake of experiment."). tautologia, nota Wittgenstein, è « una proposizione ... vera per tutte le possibilità di verità delle proposizioni elementari » 10; proprio per que-sto, una tautologia non convoglia (né potrebbe farlo, essendo vera in-modo banalmente vero, che la logica è analitica se può essere dedotta dalla logica per mezzo della logica e di definizioni. When we speak about the activity of philosophical clarification, grammar may impose on us the use of ‘that’-clauses and ‘what’-constructions in the descriptions we give of the results of the activity. Although the Vienna Circle's logical positivists appreciated the Tractatus, they argued that the last few passages, including Proposition 7, are confused. Online translation: Read, Rupert, and Matthew A. Lavery, eds. [21], Whereas Russell believed the names (like x) in his theory should refer to things we can know directly by virtue of acquaintance, Wittgenstein didn't believe that there are any epistemic constraints on logical analyses: the simple objects are whatever is contained in the elementary propositions which can't be logically analyzed any further. 2.033 Form is the possibility of structure. The further thesis of 2. and 3. and their subsidiary propositions is Wittgenstein's picture theory of language. He largely broke off formal relations even with these members of the circle after coming to believe Carnap had used some of his ideas without permission. [8][9] The philosophical significance of such a method for Wittgenstein was that it alleviated a confusion, namely the idea that logical inferences are justified by rules. ivi, §2.12. Il Tractatus fu pubblicato in lingua tedesca nel 1921 con il titolo Logisch-Philosophische Abhandlung, grazie all’interessamento di Bertrand Russell. [13]:pp58–59, Within states of affairs, objects are in particular relations to one another. In questo modo, poiché il senso del mondo ( der Sinn der Welt ) giace al di là del mondo reale dei fatti, è illegittimo attribuire alle proposizioni etiche un qualunque valore semantico. [13], We can communicate such a game of chess in the exact way that Wittgenstein says a proposition represents the world. Wittgenstein revised the Ogden translation. This means that all the logically possible arrangements of the pictorial elements in the picture correspond to the possibilities of arranging the things which they depict in reality. This is presumably what made Wittgenstein compelled to accept the philosophy of the Tractatus as specially having solved the problems of philosophy. K. Mulligan, “Proposition, State of Affairs and Other Formal Concepts in Husserl and Wittgenstein” / “Proposizione, stato di cose ed altri concetti formali nel pensiero di Husserl e Wittgenstein”, L’uomo, un segno. [33], See also: Logic machines in fiction and List of fictional computers, Title page of first English-language edition, 1922. Le ricerche filosofiche e il secondo Wittgenstein Di Giangiuseppe Pili 7. Schlick eventually convinced Wittgenstein to meet with members of the circle to discuss the Tractatus when he returned to Vienna (he was then working as an architect). Genova: Marietti, 41-64. Cfr. Indeed, the philosophy of the Tractatus is for Wittgenstein, on this view, problematic only when applied to itself.[12]. not universal and we know this is essence. ), The general form of a proposition is the general form of a. Whereof one cannot speak, thereof one must be silent. As the last line in the book, proposition 7 has no supplementary propositions. At the beginning of Proposition 6, Wittgenstein postulates the essential form of all sentences. Wittgenstein, Tractatus. These states of affairs are made up of certain arrangements of objects (TLP 2.023). Or, to be more thorough, we might make such a report for every piece's position. "), A prominent view set out in the Tractatus is the picture theory, sometimes called the picture theory of language. Facts are logically independent of one another, as are states of affairs. [13] Instead, Wittgenstein believed objects to be the things in the world that would correlate to the smallest parts of a logically analyzed language, such as names like x. [17], However, Wittgenstein claimed that pictures cannot represent their own logical form, they cannot say what they have in common with reality but can only show it (TLP 4.12-4.121). Bertrand Russell (1918), "The Philosophy of Logical Atomism". Wittgenstein, Ludwig Appunti completi chiari sul pensiero e sulla vita del grande filosofo Wittgenstein. If the so-called ‘picture theory’ of meaning is correct, and it is impossible to represent logical form, then the theory, by trying to say something about how language and the world must be for there to be meaning, is self-undermining. (They belong to the same class as the question whether the good is more or less identical than the beautiful.) This sense of philosophy does not coincide with Wittgenstein's conception of philosophy. ... La proposizione è una funzione di verità delle proposizioni elementari. Thereby the confusion involved in putting forward e.g. The book was translated into English by C. K. Ogden with help from the teenaged Cambridge mathematician and philosopher Frank P. Ramsey. [13] If someone thinks the proposition, "There is a tree in the yard," then that proposition accurately pictures the world if and only if there is a tree in the yard. This picturing relation, Wittgenstein believed, was our key to understanding the relationship a proposition holds to the world. "First, the substance of a thing is peculiar to it and does not belong to any other thing"[5] (Z.13 1038b10), i.e. Qui l’uso di “presuppone” concede poco alla tesi dell’asimmetria. The 7th, and final, proposition of Ludwig Wittgenstein’s 1921 Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, in which he laconically discusses the limits of language. The work contains almost no arguments as such, but rather consists of declarative statements, or passages, that are meant to be self-evident. This can be summed up as follows: The 4s are significant as they contain some of Wittgenstein's most explicit statements concerning the nature of philosophy and the distinction between what can be said and what can only be shown. Proposition 7 (Wittgenstein) of Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus California Proposition 7 (2008) (concerning renewable energy) California Proposition 7 (1978) (concerning death penalty) California Proposition 7 (1911) (concerning direct democracy) California Proposition 7 (2018) (concerning daylight saving time) [3] It was first published in German in 1921 as Logisch-Philosophische Abhandlung. If a proposition pictures a state of affairs in virtue of being a picture in logical space, then a non-logical or metaphysical "necessary truth" would be a state of affairs which is satisfied by any possible arrangement of objects (since it is true for any possible state of affairs), but this means that the would-be necessary proposition would not depict anything as being so but will be true no matter what the world is actually like; but if that's the case, then the proposition cannot say anything about the world or describe any fact in it - it would not be correlated with any particular state of affairs, just like a tautology (TLP 6.37). Apostle Peripatetic Press. The concept of tautology is thus central to Wittgenstein's Tractarian account of logical consequence, which is strictly deductive. ¯ Speaking and thinking are different from activities the practical mastery of which has no logical side; and they differ from activities like physics the practical mastery of which involves the mastery of content specific to the activity. The opposing view states that unalterable Form does not exist, or at least if there is such a thing, it contains an ever changing, relative substance in a constant state of flux. The "lyrics" were provided in German, English, Esperanto, French, Finnish and Swedish. Galaxy of classic Recommended for you )4.112 Philosophy aims at the logical clarification of thoughts. «La proposizione è un’immagine della realtà: infatti, io conosco la situazione da essa rappresentata se comprendo. However, those features themselves is something Wittgenstein claimed we could not say anything about, because we cannot describe the relationship that pictures bear to what they depict, but only show it via fact stating propositions (TLP 4.121). Gargani, Wittgenstein. Confronto anche con altri filosofi. [15]:p38, Anthony Kenny provides a useful analogy for understanding Wittgenstein's logical atomism: a slightly modified game of chess. "[5] (Z.8 1033b13) Wittgenstein shows that this operator can cope with the whole of predicate logic with identity, defining the quantifiers at 5.52, and showing how identity would then be handled at 5.53-5.532. 4.1 Propositions represent the existence and non-existence of states of affairs.4.11 The totality of true propositions is the whole of natural science (or the whole corpus of the natural sciences).4.111 Philosophy is not one of the natural sciences. The Tractatus is the English translation of: A notable German Edition of the works of Wittgenstein is: Both English translations of the Tractatus, as well as the first publication in German from 1921, include an introduction by Bertrand Russell. 9 : Philosophy (chapters 86–93 of the so called Big Typescript), p. 161 Corresponding to TS 213, Kapitel 86 A more recent interpretation comes from The New Wittgenstein family of interpretations under development since 2000. rano), mentre la proposizione non sembra esibirla affatto. The tracks were [T. 1] "The World is...", [T. 2] "In order to tell", [T. 4] "A thought is...", [T. 5] "A proposition is...", [T. 6] "The general form of a truth-function", and [T. 7] "Wovon man nicht sprechen kann". Wittgenstein would not meet the Vienna Circle proper, but only a few of its members, including Schlick, Carnap, and Waissman. [13]:p63, By objects, Wittgenstein did not mean physical objects in the world, but the absolute base of logical analysis, that can be combined but not divided (TLP 2.02–2.0201). This statement is not generally accepted, mainly for cultural reasons. , [29], Alfred Korzybski credits Wittgenstein as an influence in his book, Science and Sanity: An Introduction to Non-Aristotelian Systems and General Semantics.[30]. ↩︎. [13]:p53 One aspect of pictures which Wittgenstein finds particularly illuminating in comparison with language is the fact that we can directly see in the picture what situation it depicts without knowing if the situation actually obtains. The nature of the inference can be gathered only from the two propositions. In turn, a logically "ideal" language cannot supply meaning, it can only reflect the world, and so, sentences in a logical language cannot remain meaningful if they are not merely reflections of the facts. 1.1 The world is the totality of facts, not of things. Whereas for Kant, substance is that which 'persists' (i.e., exists at all times), for Wittgenstein it is that which, figuratively speaking, 'persists' through a 'space' of possible worlds. 2.021 Objects make up the substance of the world. According to the theory, a statement like "There is a man to my left" should be analyzed into: "There is some x such that x is a man and x is to my left, and for any y, if y is a man and y is to my left, y is identical to x". [15]:p35 A toy car is a representation of a real car, a toy truck is a representation of a real truck, and dolls are representations of people. Facts make up the entirety of the world. ), "The Internet Classics Archive | Metaphysics by Aristotle", "Wittgenstein's Logical Atomism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)", "Descriptions (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)",, Remarks on the Foundations of Mathematics, Lectures and Conversations on Aesthetics, Psychology, and Religious Belief, An Essay towards a Real Character, and a Philosophical Language,, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [19] È stato poco sopra rilevato come il gioco, nella vita di ogni uomo, venga prima della parola: l’homo ludens precede l’homo loquens.Il mondo del gioco fa da incubatrice, in certo senso, al mondo della parola e, così, viene in rilievo quel … They themselves are the only possible justification of the inference. ( Nel dar l'essenza d'ogni essere. If representation consist in depicting an arrangement of elements in logical space, then logical space itself can't be depicted since it is itself not an arrangement of anything; rather logical form is a feature of an arrangement of objects and thus it can be properly expressed (that is depicted) in language by an analogous arrangement of the relevant signs in sentences (which contain the same possibilities of combination as prescribed by logical syntax), hence logical form can only be shown by presenting the logical relations between different sentences. The Tractatus was the theme of a 1992 film by the Hungarian filmmaker Peter Forgacs. The group spent many months working through the text out loud, line by line. che mi si sia spiegato il senso di essa». In all, the Tractatus comprises 526 numbered statements. The method of the Tractatus is to make the reader aware of the logic of our language as he is already familiar with it, and the effect of thereby dispelling the need for a theoretical account of the logic of our language spreads to all other areas of philosophy. "The Tractatus's notion of substance is the modal analogue of Kant's temporal notion. "Laws of inference", which are supposed to justify inferences, as in the works of Frege and Russell, have no sense, and would be superfluous. tenda Wittgenstein, qui, con “pe so logico” 7 e “rilievo”. It is the philosophy of the Tractatus, alone, that can solve the problems. (An elementary proposition is a truth-function of itself. 24 Un primo esponente illustre di questa tradizione è certamente Wittgenstein: «La proposizione positiva necessariamente presuppone l’esistenza della proposizione negativa e viceversa» (Wittgenstein 1921: § 5.5151). ↩︎. At the time of its publication, Wittgenstein concluded that the Tractatus had resolved all philosophical problems. Il 22 gennaio del 1915 Wittgenstein appuntava nel suo quaderno: "Tutto il mio compito consiste nello spiegar l'essenza della proposizione. [27] This so-called "resolute reading" is controversial and much debated. 2.026 There must be objects, if the world is to have unalterable form. It ends the book with the proposition "Whereof one cannot speak, thereof one must be silent." Wittgenstein responded to Schlick, commenting: "...I cannot imagine that Carnap should have so completely misunderstood the last sentences of the book and hence the fundamental conception of the entire book."[26]. A proposition is a truth-function of elementary propositions. He uses the notation On their reading, Wittgenstein indeed meant that some things are shown when we reflect on the logic of our language, but what is shown is not that something is the case, as if we could somehow think it (and thus understand what Wittgenstein tries to show us) but for some reason we just couldn't say it. [11] This requires doing precisely what the ‘picture theory’ of meaning precludes. ¯ Proposition two begins with a discussion of objects, form and substance. His use of the word "composite" in 2.021 can be taken to mean a combination of form and matter, in the Platonic sense. 2 What is the case--a fact--is the existence of states of affairs. („Wovon man nicht sprechen kann, darüber muss man schweigen. However, Wittgenstein does not specify what objects are. 2.04 The totality of existing states of affairs is the world. [25], The Tractatus caught the attention of the philosophers of the Vienna Circle (1921–1933), especially Rudolf Carnap and Moritz Schlick. [13]:p61 For the sake of this analogy, the chess pieces are objects, they and their positions constitute states of affairs and therefore facts, and the totality of facts is the entire particular game of chess. Madison, Wisconsin, and Utah cannot be atomic objects: they are themselves composed of numerous facts. Des Moines, Iowa. (The word "philosophy" must mean something whose place is above or below the natural sciences, not beside them. Il blog è ispirato all'idea che ogni campo del sapere è connesso, che tutto è Uno.

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